Rowling, J.K. "A Kind of Magic," The Daily Telegraph (London), June 9, 2002

Editor's note: The Rowling quotes in this article were taken from the foreword to the book "Magic" and not a live interview. Read the original source.

Abstract: A kind of magic J. K. ROWLING wrote the first Harry Potter book while living on the poverty line, bringing up her daughter single-handedly. Here she recalls her struggle and introduces a book of short stories published in aid of the Magic Million Appeal for one-parent families.

My involvement with the National Council for One Parent Families came about either very simply, or very circuitously, depending on how you look at it.

The simple version involved Andy Keen Downs, the charity's deputy director, sitting down in my habitually untidy kitchen, pulling out a sheaf of notes from his briefcase and embarking on what I'm quite sure would have been a marvellously persuasive, well-constructed and beautifully delivered speech. "Andy," I interrupted, in that harassed voice by which lone parents can often be identified, "you'd like me to be Patron, wouldn't you?" "Well, we're calling it Ambassador," said Andy tentatively, cut off mid-flow. "OK, I'll do it," I said, "but could we please discuss the details on the way to school, because Sports Day starts in five minutes." And so we discussed the National Council for One Parent Families while watching the egg-and-spoon races; a fitting start, I felt, for my association with a charity devoted to helping those parents whose lives are a constant balancing act.

The long version of how I became Ambassador includes my personal experience of single motherhood and my anger about our stigmatisation by some sections of the media. That story starts in 1993, when my marriage ended. I was living abroad and in full-time employment; leaving my ex-husband meant leaving my job and returning to Britain with my baby daughter and two suitcases full of possessions. I knew perfectly well that I was walking into poverty, but I truly believed that it would only be a matter of months before I was back on my feet. I had enough money saved to put down a deposit on a rented flat and buy a highchair, a cot and other essentials. When my savings were gone, I settled down to life on slightly less than pounds 70 a week.

Poverty, as I soon found out, is a lot like childbirth - you know it's going to hurt before it happens, but you'll never know how much until you've experienced it. Some of the newspaper articles written about me have come close to romanticising the time I spent on Income Support, because the cliche of the writer starving in a garret is so much more picturesque than the bitter reality of living in poverty with a child.

The endless little humiliations of life on benefits - and let us remember that six out of 10 families headed by a lone parent live in poverty - receive very little media coverage unless they are followed by what seems to be, in newsprint at least, a swift and Cinderella-like reversal of fortune. I remember reaching the checkout, counting out the money in coppers, finding out I was two pence short of a tin of baked beans and feeling I had to pretend I had mislaid a pounds 10 note for the benefit of the bored girl at the till.

Similarly unappreciated acting skills were required for my forays into Mothercare, where I would pretend to be examining clothes for my daughter that I could not afford, while edging ever closer to the baby-changing room where they offered a small supply of free nappies.

I hated dressing my longed-for child from charity shops, I hated relying on the kindness of relatives when it came to her new shoes; I tried furiously hard not to feel jealous of other children's beautifully decorated, well-stocked bedrooms when she went to friends' houses to play.

I wanted to work part-time. When I asked my health visitor about the possibility of a couple of afternoons' state childcare a week she explained, very kindly, that places for babies were reserved for those who were deemed "at risk". Her exact words were, "You're coping too well." I was allowed to earn a maximum of pounds 15 a week before my Income Support and Housing Benefit were docked. Full-time private childcare was so exorbitant that I would need to find a full-time job paying well above the national average. I had to decide whether my baby would rather be handed over to somebody else for most of her waking hours, or be cared for by her mother in far from luxurious surroundings. I chose the latter option, though constantly feeling I had to justify my choice at length whenever anybody asked me that nasty question, "So what do you do?" The honest answer to that question was: I worry continually, I devote hours to writing a book I doubt will ever be published, I try hard to hold on to the hope that our financial situation will improve, and when I am not too exhausted to feel strong emotion I am swamped with anger at the portrayal of single mothers by certain politicians and newspapers as feckless teenagers in search of that holy grail, the council flat, when in fact 97 per cent of us have long since left our teens.

The sub-text of much of the vilification of lone parents is that "couple families" are intrinsically superior, yet during my time as a secondary-school teacher I met a number of disruptive, damaged children whose home contained two parents. There are those who still believe head-count defines a real family, who believe that marriage is the only right context in which to have children, but I have never felt the remotest shame about being a single parent. I have the temerity to be rather proud of the period when I did three jobs single-handedly (the unpaid work of two parents and the salaried job of teacher - for I did eventually manage to take my Post-Graduate Certificate of Education, thanks to the generosity of a friend who lent me money for childcare).

There is a wealth of evidence to suggest that it is not single-parenthood but poverty that causes some children to do less well then others. When you take poverty out of the equation, children from one parent families can do just as well as children from couple families.

My family's escape from poverty to the reverse has been only too well documented and I am fully aware, every single day, of how lucky I am; lucky because I do not have to worry about my daughter's financial security any more; lucky because when what used to be Benefit Day comes around there's still food in the fridge and the bills are paid. But I had a talent that I could exercise without financial outlay: anyone thinking of using me as an example of how single parents can break out of the poverty trap might as well point at Oprah Winfrey and declare that there is no more racism in America.

People just like me are facing the same obstacles to a full realisation of their potential every day and their children are missing opportunities alongside them. They are not asking for handouts, they are not scheming for council flats, they are simply asking for the help they need to break free of life on benefits and support their own children.

This is why I didn't need to hear Andy's well-rehearsed arguments on Sports Day. I had already made up my mind that it was time to put my money where my mouth had been ever since I experienced the reality of single-parenthood in Britain. The National Council for One Parent Families is neither anti-marriage (nearly two-thirds of lone parents have been married, after all) nor a propagandist for going it alone. It exists to help parents who are bringing up children by themselves, for example in the aftermath of a relationship breakdown or the death of a partner, when children are faced with a new kind of family and one parent is left coping with the work of two, often on a considerably reduced income. It provides invaluable advice and practical support on a wide range of issues affecting lone parents and their children, and I am proud to be associated with it.

The charity's Magic Million Appeal, which the new book, Magic, will raise money for, should help maintain the broad range of services offered to lone parents who want nothing more than to pull themselves out of the poverty trap while bringing up happy, well-adjusted children. These families, too often scapegoated rather than supported, could do with a lot less Dursleyish stigmatism, and a little more magic in their lives.

Copyright (c) 2002 Telegraph Group Limited, London, England Record Number: 0F41353EB7DBD95A